Mele Society in Muş and Diyarbakır on Republic Period

Seçil Bozkurt

12 October 2015 17:00 Salon: ŞAKİR KOCABAŞ SALONU

Madrasahs, which had had a quality of basic education institution in the Middle East from Great Seljuk Empire to establishment of Turkish Republic, were closed within the law of on Unification of Education. However, ongoing need for religious education has satisfied by madrasahs again, especially in rural area which is aside from central state power. In Kurdish realm, madrasahs' educators are called as ‘mele’ (mullah). Although there are some of studies in architectural, educational and religious area, there is no academic study about life style of these clergymen which try to protect and sustain madrasah understanding despite of all pressures and prohibitions in secular Turkish nation-state, from Republican Revolution period to Justice and Development Party era. From this point, main aim of the thesis to bring to light transformation that mullahs have experienced when they take care of maintaining madrasah tradition and challenges which they have faced with their Kurdish and Muslim identity through Republic era, in company with their experiences. Besides, structure of Kurdish madrasahs and their interactions with actors of political conflict in region, political and social alterations' impacts over madrasahs in Turkey are dealt in study. One on one interviews were carried out both in Muş, Diyarbakır and historical Norşîn madrasahs. Interviewers are mullahs who continue a duty of mudarris and are individuals who receive madrasah education.



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