The Transition from the Ottoman to the Republican Periods and Population Exchange

Aslı Emine Comu

Monday, December 13, 2010 5:30 PM Salon: ŞAKİR KOCABAŞ SALONU

“The Transition of the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic and the Exchange of Populations: The Cases of Ayvalik, Mersin and Trabzon” 
The dissertation covers nearly a century of history starting with the description of the Ottoman Empire’s political and economic adaptations to the European market in the second half of the nineteenth century, continues with the deterioration of interethnic relations and attitudes in the Empire, institutional reforms that were geared towards keeping the Empire united and then securing the Turkish domination, and ending with the establishment of the Turkish Republic after ferocious battles between different ethnic communities who asserted their national claim on the same territory.
     The Exchange of Populations between Greeks in Anatolia and Eastern Thrace and Muslims in Macedonia, as a severe blow to the multi-ethnic character of Asia Minor and a contribution to the establishment of the Turkish nation state, is placed at the center of the dissertation. Three coastal cities, Ayvalik, Mersin and Trabzon, were selected for examining the phases of transition from the Empire to the Republic. The study focuses on other subjects such as the efforts of the Turkish rulers of the Ottoman Empire in balancing the contradictory interests and aspirations of different ethnic communities, changing nature and content of reforms, the alienation of Christian communities from the Ottoman Empire and the role of the European powers in the Ottoman transition.



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